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Technology Assisting Care – The NICU Equipment 

The latest technology allows our experts to better care for high-risk infants in a comfortable setting. The monitors provide doctors and nurses with important information continuously. As much as possible these monitors are painless and non-invasive (attach to the outside of the skin). Your baby will probably have some, but not all, of the following:

Cardio respiratory Monitor or Electrodes – This is sometimes referred to as a Heart Monitor. Three adhesive patches with wires connected to them are placed on the baby's chest, abdomen, arms, or legs. The wires travel to a machine that displays the baby’s heart rate, heart beat pattern, breathing rate and breathing pattern.

Pulse Oximeter – The "pulse ox" continuously measures the baby's oxygen. There is a tiny light which is attached to the baby's palm, foot, finger, toe, or wrist by a piece of adhesive elastic. A cord travels from the light to a machine that displays the amount of oxygen being carried by the red blood cells in the baby's body.

Blood Pressure Monitor – Blood pressure may be measured periodically by a small cuff placed around the baby's arm or leg, or may be measured continuously if the baby has a catheter (tiny tube) into one of the baby's arteries.

Temperature Probe – A coated wire will be placed on the baby's skin and covered with an adhesive patch. The coated wire measures the baby's temperature. This information is used to help regulate heat from the overhead heater or isolette.

IV (Intravenous Infusion) – This is a needle or catheter, that is placed into one of the veins of the infant. It is used to deliver fluids, medications, and nutrients to the baby. Common sites for IV's are hands, feet, arms, legs, and scalp.

Umbilical Artery Catheter (UAC) or Umbilical Venous Catheter (UVC) – This is a small piece of tubing threaded into the baby's artery or vein in the umbilical stump. In addition to delivering fluids, medication, and nutrients, blood can be withdrawn painlessly for laboratory studies.

Endotracheal (E-T) Tube – This is a tube that goes from the baby's mouth or nose into the baby's windpipe (trachea). It is secured with tape and attaches by tubing to a breathing machine. It allows the machine to deliver air directly to the baby's lungs.

Respirator or Ventilator – This is a machine to help your baby breathe. Some machines make baby's own breaths bigger (synchronized ventilation), or give breaths like the baby should be taking.

Oscillator or High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation – This is a machine to help your baby breathe. It delivers many short, low volume breaths per minute that causes your baby's chest to "jiggle" instead of rise and fall normally.

CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) – Oxygen (or air) is delivered under a small amount of pressure through little tubes that fit into the nostrils of the nose. Delivering oxygen under pressure helps keep the air sacs in the lungs open.

SiPAP - This is a machine to help your baby breathe. It is similar to CPAP but is able to provide breaths in addition to pressure.

HFNC (High Flow Nasal Cannula) – This is a machine to that supports your baby's breathing by delivering warmed and humidified oxygen at high flows by nasal cannula.

   
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